History of Ottoman Empire

Who Was Aya Nikola / Byzantine Commander?

Who Was Aya Nikola?

Agios Nikolaos was the Tekfur of Angelokomis in the Byzantine Empire during the 13th or 14th century. His formidable foe was Osman Bey, the leader of the Oghuz’s Kayı tribe. His defeat in the Battle of Mount Armenia. Siege of Kulaca Hisar[2] and lastly, in the Battle of Domaniç. led to the rise of the Kayıs under Osman, who would later establish the Ottoman Empire.

Real History Of Inegol Castle:

The Siege of İnegöl took place between Agios Nikolaos, the governor of the fort, and the Kayı army under the command of Turgut Bey. This conquest was one of the first conquests in Ottoman history after the siege of Kulaca Hisar. After the end of the siege, Tekfur Nikolaos was executed by Turgut Alp. The conquest took place in 1299. This battle triggered the Battle of Bapheus, where the Byzantines attempted to reconquer the lost territory, which in turn led to the Siege Of Bursa eventually leading to the establishment of Ottoman Beylik.

The castle was besieged either during the end of 1298 or the beginning of 1299. The siege lasted for months, featuring relentless bombardment and starvation. However, Osman eventually gave the command to Turgut Alp to go and besiege the neighboring fort of Yarhisar. Turgut Bey stormed the fort, killing most of the garrison and executing Nikolaos (Osman conquered Yarhisar around the same time).

Tensions had been rising between the Tekfur of İnegöl, Ayos Nikolaos, and Kayi Bey Osman I, which resulted in several clashes at Ermenlibeli and the Battle Of Domanic, both of which resulted in Kayi victories (though with heavy losses including Osman I’s brother Saru Batu Savcı Bey and his son Koca Saruhan Bey). Osman, in retaliation, conquered the fort of Kulaca Hisar, which was under the Nikolaos’s dominion

This major conquest of a key fort in the Byzantine heartland of Anatolia led to the rise of the Kayi Beylik and to the establishment of the Ottoman Empire. Osman conquered other strategic forts along with the city of Yenişehir, literally translating to “New City”, and turned it into a capital, thus forming the Ottoman Beylik.The Byzantines were alarmed by Osman’s rapid conquests and eventually fought him in a climactic battle at Bapheus.

Death Of Aya Nikola:

Aya Nikola died in 1299. Turgut Bey took out his axe of justice and after years of enmity finally took Nikola’s head in his hands and conquered the Inegol fort.

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