Who Was Kose Mihal / Ottoman Commander?

Who Was Abdullah Mihal / Kose Mihal?

Kose Mihal, who is the ancestor of the family, was the Harmankaya Tekfur of Byzantium in the time of Osman Bey, but in time he became one of his brain comrades, and accepted Islam, probably in 713 (1313) as a subject to the Ottomans. It is stated that he took the name Abdullah Mihal after he became a Muslim, participated in all of Osman Bey’s wars and guided the Ottoman army in the raids in the Sakarya basin. It is also stated that he took part in the conquest of Bursa and conducted the negotiations between the Byzantine Tekfur and Orhan Bey before the conquest.

How Many Sons Of Kose Mihal?

The descendants of Kose Mihal later moved to the European continent with the conquest of Rumelia and served as raider lords. It is accepted that Kose Mihal had three sons, Aziz Pasha, Balta Bey and Gazi Ali Bey, and they were operating along the border in Rumeli. However, the information in the sources about the activities of both them and those shown as their sons is quite mixed. 

It is stated that Aziz Pasha, son of Kose Mihal, conquered Vize Castle and died in 806 (1403), and his son was Gazi Mihal Bey. Gazi Mihal Bey, who is understood to be the first well-known personality of the family, was the son of Mehmed I and II. During the reign of Murad III, he was successful in military activities in Rumelia, especially in the conquest of Bulgaria. Mihal Bey died in 839 (1435) in Edirne and his tomb is in the Gazi Mihal Bey Mosque graveyard. Mihal Bey has been accepted by some historians as the ancestor of Mihaloğulları due to his heroism.

Real History Of Abdullah Mihal / Kose Mihal:

Mihaloğulları performed important services in Anatolia as well as in Rumelia. The descendants of Gazi Ali Bey, son of Kose Mihal, settled in Bursa and Amasya and held administrative positions. II. It is understood from the charter records that Yörgüç Pasha, who was the governor of Amasya at the beginning of the Murad era, was a descendant of Gazi Ali Bey from Mihaloğulları. Mihaloğulları from this branch has survived to the present day. 

Members of the Mihaloğulları family, whose influence and influence decreased as it lost its importance since the 19th century, also gave importance to science and culture. In addition, members of the family had architectural works such as many mosques, lodges, madrasahs, fountains and bridges built, and foundations, especially in Harmankaya, Gölpazarı, Bursa, Amasya, Vize, Edirne, İhtiman, Pleven and Tırnova.

Gazi Mihal Bey had a mosque built in Edirne in 825 (1422), and later two bridges (see GAZİ MİHAL BEY MOSQUE; GAZİ MİHAL BRIDGE) and charity works in Eskişehir Seyitgazi. Mihaloğlu Fîruz Bey in Tırnova had a mosque built here, and Gazi Ali Bey had a mosque, tomb, madrasah, school, lodge, fountain and palace in Pleven; He had a mosque built in Niğbolu and a bath in Vidin.

  In Harmanköy, the homeland of Abdullah Mihal Gazi, commemoration ceremonies for Abdullah Mihal Gazi are held every year on the first Sunday of September with the participation of statesmen, academics, historians and many guests. Kose Mihal Gazi’s tomb in Harmanköy is visited, prayers are said and traditional meals are served to the guests. In 2021, the 694th commemoration ceremonies will be held every year.

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